United States vs. Delaware
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2022
Introduction
United States vs. Delaware
U.S.:
2022 Jobs = 651,224
2022 Percent of State = 0.31%
Delaware:
2022 Jobs = 212,442,000
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Delaware to work are included in the employment count for the United States.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wages and salaries and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2022
Total Employment, 1969-2022
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces Delaware's annual total employment for the period 1969-2022 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 54-year period, Delaware's total employment rose from 270,578 in 1969 to 651,224 in 2022, for a net gain of 380,646, or 140.68%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Figure 2.
Figure 2 shows Delaware's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Delaware's overall total employment growth was 140.68% over 1969-2022 outpaced the United States' increase of 133.32%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the United States Total: 1969-2022
Total Employment as a Percent of the United States Total: 1969-2022
Figure 3.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the total employment growth of Delaware is to trace its individual percentage contributions to the United States' total total employment over time, as shown in Figure 3. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than the United States' total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Delaware's total employment totaled 0.30% of the United States' total employment, while in 2022 it totaled 0.31% thereby yielding a +0.01% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2022 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2022
vs.
1969
+0.01%
=
0.31%
-
0.30%
 
   
Delaware Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Delaware Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Figure 4.
Figure 4 shows the short-run pattern of Delaware's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2022. The average annual percent change for the entire 53-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Delaware's total employment grew at an annual rate of 1.69% over 1970-2022. The state posted its highest growth in 1985 (4.98%) and recorded its lowest growth in 2009 (-3.54%). In 2022, Delaware's total employment grew by 4.98%
Delaware Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Delaware Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Figure 5.
Over the past five decades some states have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 5 again traces the annual percent change in Delaware's total employment since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020-2022.
During the 1970s, Delaware's annual total employment growth rate averaged 1.45%. It averaged 2.91% during the 1980s, 1.72% during the 1990s, 0.70% throughout the 2000s, 1.38% during the 2010s, 2.66% thus far this decade (2020-2022).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 6.
Figure 6 compares the decade average growth rates for Delaware noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for the nation.
Relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Delaware trailed the nation in the 1970s (1.45% vs. 2.21%), exceeded the nation during the 1980s (2.91% vs. 1.88%), lagged the nation during the 1990s (1.72% vs. 1.73%), fell under the nation during the 2000s (0.70% vs. 0.74%), posted below the nation during the 2010s (1.38% vs. 1.51%), and registered above the nation over 2020-2022 (2.66% vs. 1.82%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
1.69
1.45
2.91
1.72
0.70
1.38
2.66
4.98
 
1.62
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.51
1.82
4.78
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2022
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2022
Figure 7.
The job ratios shown in Figure 7 for Delaware and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.64 between 1969 and 2022. Delaware's job ratio registered 0.50 in 1969, and 0.64 in 2022. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratio (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2022
Job Ratio (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2022
Figure 8.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 8 tracks Delaware's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2022.

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Delaware:
Total Employment, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
270,578
100.0
N
0.30
0.50
110.78
1970
 
274,587
101.5
1.48
0.30
0.50
111.40
1971
 
280,122
103.5
2.02
0.31
0.50
111.92
1972
 
292,813
108.2
4.53
0.31
0.51
113.23
1973
 
304,918
112.7
4.13
0.31
0.53
113.07
1974
 
301,531
111.4
-1.11
0.30
0.52
110.19
1975
 
292,148
108.0
-3.11
0.30
0.50
108.10
1976
 
295,771
109.3
1.24
0.29
0.50
106.85
1977
 
296,352
109.5
0.20
0.28
0.50
104.23
1978
 
304,289
112.5
2.68
0.28
0.51
103.00
1979
 
311,835
115.2
2.48
0.28
0.52
103.35
1980
 
311,674
115.2
-0.05
0.27
0.52
104.44
1981
 
313,583
115.9
0.61
0.27
0.53
105.07
1982
 
316,547
117.0
0.95
0.28
0.53
107.21
1983
 
325,291
120.2
2.76
0.28
0.54
108.61
1984
 
339,928
125.6
4.50
0.28
0.56
108.75
1985
 
356,873
131.9
4.98
0.29
0.58
110.93
1986
 
370,177
136.8
3.73
0.29
0.59
112.21
1987
 
386,540
142.9
4.42
0.30
0.61
113.50
1988
 
402,702
148.8
4.18
0.30
0.62
113.83
1989
 
414,670
153.3
2.97
0.30
0.63
114.17
1990
 
420,105
155.3
1.31
0.30
0.63
113.22
1991
 
414,316
153.1
-1.38
0.30
0.61
111.50
1992
 
413,155
152.7
-0.28
0.30
0.59
110.38
1993
 
420,651
155.5
1.81
0.30
0.60
109.95
1994
 
424,325
156.8
0.87
0.29
0.59
107.91
1995
 
442,453
163.5
4.27
0.30
0.61
109.15
1996
 
452,685
167.3
2.31
0.30
0.61
108.95
1997
 
464,460
171.7
2.60
0.30
0.62
109.04
1998
 
476,426
176.1
2.58
0.30
0.62
108.64
1999
 
491,018
181.5
3.06
0.30
0.63
109.45
2000
 
503,458
186.1
2.53
0.30
0.64
109.24
2001
 
502,735
185.8
-0.14
0.30
0.63
108.78
2002
 
500,634
185.0
-0.42
0.30
0.62
108.19
2003
 
504,089
186.3
0.69
0.30
0.62
107.75
2004
 
518,094
191.5
2.78
0.31
0.62
108.15
2005
 
528,665
195.4
2.04
0.31
0.63
107.26
2006
 
537,096
198.5
1.59
0.31
0.63
106.05
2007
 
544,935
201.4
1.46
0.30
0.63
104.88
2008
 
544,865
201.4
-0.01
0.30
0.62
104.60
2009
 
525,596
194.2
-3.54
0.30
0.59
104.13
2010
 
522,361
193.1
-0.62
0.30
0.58
103.88
2011
 
530,360
196.0
1.53
0.30
0.58
103.42
2012
 
534,253
197.4
0.73
0.30
0.58
102.37
2013
 
544,691
201.3
1.95
0.30
0.59
102.23
2014
 
556,449
205.7
2.16
0.30
0.60
102.01
2015
 
568,832
210.2
2.23
0.30
0.60
101.83
2016
 
578,605
213.8
1.72
0.30
0.61
101.81
2017
 
584,693
216.1
1.05
0.30
0.61
101.13
2018
 
597,021
220.6
2.11
0.30
0.61
100.85
2019
 
602,766
222.8
0.96
0.30
0.61
100.60
2020
 
592,126
218.8
-1.77
0.30
0.60
101.32
2021
 
620,352
229.3
4.77
0.31
0.62
101.10
2022
 
651,224
240.7
4.98
0.31
0.64
100.32
Source: Calculations by the Delaware Regional Economic Analysis Project (DE-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_SN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.56
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,328,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,239,800
204.5
2.15
0.58
2015
 
190,325,800
209.0
2.19
0.59
2016
 
193,425,900
212.4
1.63
0.60
2017
 
196,394,100
215.7
1.53
0.60
2018
 
200,292,200
220.0
1.98
0.61
2019
 
201,635,200
221.4
0.67
0.61
2020
 
195,286,600
214.5
-3.15
0.59
2021
 
202,752,100
222.7
3.82
0.61
2022
 
212,442,000
233.3
4.78
0.64
Source: Calculations by the Delaware Regional Economic Analysis Project (DE-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_SN
 
   
Copyright © 2024. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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